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Everything You Need To Know About Futures And Options

Futures and options are two of the most important financial instruments that investors use to secure their portfolios. In a nutshell, these two derivatives allow investors to hedge their positions, but they can also be used as trading instruments. This article explains the basics of futures and options, including their features and their various associated strategies. By the end of this article, you will have a good understanding of these instruments and how they can help you diversify and manage your portfolio.

What are Futures and Options?

Futures and options are derivative instruments, which means that their values are based on the values of other assets. Futures and options are contracts that give traders the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a certain asset at a predetermined price, for a specific period of time. A futures contract obligates the buyer to purchase the asset at the agreed upon price on a specific date, while an option gives the owner the right, but not the obligation, to purchase the asset at the predetermined price.

The price of the futures or options contract is determined by the prevailing market conditions, such as supply and demand. If the price of the underlying asset rises, the price of the futures or options contract will also increase. On the other hand, if the price of the underlying asset falls, the price of the futures or options contract will decrease.

The Different Types of Futures and Options

Futures and options can be divided into two categories: exchange-traded products and over-the-counter (OTC) products. Exchange-traded products are traded on organized exchanges, such as the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE) and are regulated by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC). On the other hand, OTC products are traded directly between two parties and are not regulated by any regulatory body.

Examples of exchange-traded futures and options include stock index futures and stock options, commodity futures and options, currency futures and options, and interest rate futures and options. Some of the most popularly traded OTC products include currency forwards and options, as well as customized and exotic options.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Futures and Options

Futures and options provide investors with a wide range of benefits, such as hedging against price risks, diversifying portfolios, and profiting from price movements without having to own the underlying asset. However, these instruments come with their fair share of risks.

One of the main advantages of futures and options is their ability to reduce price risks. Hedging is a technique that involves taking an opposite position in the market, to offset potential losses from an existing position. In the case of futures, investors can hedge against price fluctuations in commodities and other assets by taking an opposite futures contract. The same can be done with options by purchasing an option that is the opposite of the position held.

The leverage associated with these instruments is another benefit. Futures and options are leveraged investments, which means that for a small amount of margin, you can control a larger amount of the underlying asset. This can help investors reduce the risk of losses and magnify potential returns.

On the downside, both futures and options require investor to accurately assess the direction of the markets in order to make money. With futures, the investor must predict the direction of the price movements of the underlying asset, as well as the timing of the move. With options, investors must also make accurate predictions but also determine the likelihood that the price of the underlying asset will move in their favour. If the investor is wrong, he/she may incur large losses.

Strategies for Trading Futures and Options

When it comes to trading futures and options, there are several popular strategies that are used. These strategies involve either taking an outright position in the market or using a combination of trades to create a hedged portfolio.

One of the most commonly used strategies is the buy-and-hold strategy. This strategy involves buying the underlying asset and holding it until the expiry of the futures or options contract. In the case of futures, this strategy involves buying the contract at a specific price and then making a profit when the underlying asset rises above it. With options, the investor has the right, but not the obligation, to buy the underlying asset at the predetermined price.

Spread trading is another popular strategy in which the investor simultaneously buys and sells a combination of futures or options to create a hedged portfolio. By doing this, the investor can reduce risk and potentially make a profit from both rising and falling prices of the underlying asset.

Finally, investors can use technical analysis to trade futures and options. Technical analysis is a method of analyzing markets where the investor looks for patterns in price charts. The investor also looks for trends and tries to predict the direction of the price movements. The idea is to buy or sell options at a certain price and then make a profit when the price moves in the expected direction.


Futures and options are powerful tools that investors can use to hedge against and manage price risks, diversify their portfolios, and make profits. With a good understanding of the basics and the ability to use and calibrate different strategies, investors can take advantage of the many benefits associated with these instruments. Visit 5 paisa for best deals.

How Is Having A Demat Account Beneficial?

Dematerialized account, or as we all generally term it, a Demat account is like an account where one can safely keep their securities and shares that have been traded by them but through an electronic medium. When one purchases shares of a definite company or invests in further securities, they change to electronic assets and these assets are stored safely in his portfolio until he decides to trade them. The Demat account leads to easy trading and investment. 

• Before the world was introduced to the concept of the demat account, the trading of shares was made through paper works, and the traded shares existed in the form of papers. The person trading shares of a definite company had to maintain a dozen papers. Now paper being a degradable substance couldn’t survive for a long time hence is at risk of tampering, and safekeeping dozens of papers increased the vulnerability of theft or loss. Demat accounts help in the trading of shares online, without any hustle. It’s completely online, and one can store his documents and shares electronically in a virtual depository. 

• When you have a Demat account, it can help you in making immediate and easy trading of shares through digital gadgets, which save a huge amount of your time. 

• While trading a deal with various kinds and several numbers of physical documents. You can’t carry your papers and shares everywhere with you, but you have access to your Demat account irrespective of the place and time even through a smartphone. 

• It keeps a track of your past as well as present transactions of shares, lessening your hustle, and easing the trading process for you. 

• When you have a Demat account, it will help you in keeping a watch on your financial statement. 

• The digit of physical documents can be countless, and keeping them safe is another hectic job. The danger of forgery is very high in offline trading. The Demat account here benefits you in online trading with zero physical documents. 

• It not only functions as a security deposit for your saving. You can avail different kinds of bank loans by the securities that have been stored in your Demat account by you. During the procedure of availing of a loan, the securities can be undertaken as collateral.

• When you have a Demat account, it opens a lot of options for you to save in. Saving in various ways is possible here. 

• Dispensation from TDS has been granted by the CBDT, i.e., the Central Board of Direct Taxes, when a person pays directly through his Demat account and no TDS would get deducted from the interest one receives on their securities. But when he is creating a Demat account, it is important to save their securities in Demat mode and list them on the NSE and BSE.

Trading and investing in offline mode will eat up our time in this era where even 24 hours isn’t enough for us to cope with our workloads. Hence, when we are receiving the same value with lots of more facilities through the online mode, why not avail it? Investment through trading, that too at your fingertips! Hence, opening the demat account with market players like 5paisa is surely a beneficial decision.

A Quick Guide to PPF Calculator

When you invest money somewhere, you want to see how much gain you get overtime right? Well, what if you can calculate it in advance so as to make r right decision?  Well, ppf (public provident fund) is a long-term type of investment option that offers you a fixed rate of interest and even returns on the sum you invest.  The coolest thing is you can use a ppf calculator and ensure that you have a good idea about how much you would get.

You know this is one investment type that offers you a safe investment option to save taxes and even earn guaranteed returns. A ppf type of calculator lets you calculate the maturity amount on the basis of the sum invested.

What really is ppf?

The goal of the ppf, which was first implemented in the country in the year 1968, was to mobilize tiny contributions for investment and return. It can even be referred to as an investment vehicle that simply enables you to accumulate retirement funds at the same time reducing yearly taxes. A ppf account should be opened by anybody who is looking for a secure investment alternative to diminish taxes and earn assured profits.

It would not be wrong to say that ppf is one of the finest and popular investing options for the ones with a limited tolerance for risk. Ppf is a government-sponsored type of scheme and the investment is somewhat unrelated to the market. As a result, it offers you guaranteed returns to meet your needs for safe investments. Ppf accounts diversify an investor’s portfolio because their returns are somewhat fixed. They even offer advantages for tax savings. Of course, you can be sure that you get the returns you aspired for with ppf.

Using a calculator for ppf 

Well, a ppf type of calculator helps users like you plan your financial goals by giving you an estimate of returns based on the sum you invest and the duration. The calculator makes use of a 15-year tenure and the overall prevailing interest rate to compute the general returns as a standard procedure.

Withdraw of ppf amount 

Well, you can entirely withdraw from a ppf account only upon maturity or even after 15 years of running the account. After 15 years, an account holder may withdraw the complete balance in the ppf account, including the interest earned, and even the account can be terminated. However, in case ppf holders need money for any emergency, the scheme allows the partial type of withdrawals beginning in the seventh year or after the account has finished six years.

The Calculator Makes Things Easier 

If you are a layperson and you know nothing about how to do calculations of your ppf and all then relax. The ppf oriented calculator is there to help you make the right move. It ensures that you have a proper understanding of all the interests and everything that you may get over the period of time. Hence, you can make proper moves. 


To sum up, why stay doubtful about your interests and other things when you can use a calculator to ensure you know what exactly you are doing? Of course, a calculator for ppf is going to be really helpful for you in decision-making

What Are The Major Benefits Of Using The Option Of A Ppf Calculator?

Focusing on financial planning in the life of individuals is definitely important even more than earning money. Introduction of tools like the PPF calculator in this particular case is definitely advisable for people so that everyone will be able to make the right decision that ultimately will be able to enjoy the guarantee of returns. Having a good understanding of the online tools in this particular area is a great approach because it will be helpful in resolving the queries related to the calculation of returns and also help in making sure that people become clear about the interest earnings from the public provident fund investments. Whenever people will be using the option ppf calculator then definitely they will be having access to accurate insights into the industry so that things are sorted out very easily and there is no chance of any kind of problem.

Some of the basic benefits of using the PPF calculator have been very well explained as follows:

  1. A clear picture of the growth: Whenever the concerned people will be using the option of the PPF calculator, the interest income will be significantly increased and the best part is that everybody will be getting a clear picture of the growth without any kind of problem. This particular option very well helps in making sure that everybody will be at the forefront in terms of making accurate decisions without any doubt.
  2. Figuring out things very easily: If people will be using the option of a PPF calculator then definitely they will be able to figure out the amount of investment in the whole process, annually monthly and weekly without any kind of doubt so that they will be able to reach the target corpus with proper planning.
  3. Very easy to use: The option of PPF calculator is very easy to be used without any kind of doubt and the best part is that everybody will be able to get the additional systems in the whole process without any kind of problem. Whenever people will be using the option of a PPF calculator then the element of manual calculation will be significantly eliminated which will be helpful in providing people with a good number of benefits in the long run. Since this particular option is automatic the risk of error will be the bare minimum throughout the process.
  4. Graphical results: Using the option of a PPF calculator is a great idea for people because it will be helpful in providing the representation of the results graphically which will be making sure that things are easy to be understood without any kind of doubt.
  5. Investment planning: Planning the financial goals will become very much easy in this particular case so that people will be able to enjoy the best possible rate of return without any kind of problem. Another very important advantage of getting things done is that everybody will be getting a clear-cut idea of the expected returns without any kind of issues.

Hence, using the option of a PPF calculator from 5paisa is definitely a great idea so that people will be able to enjoy the power of compounding through PPF along with accurate insights at every step.